New Mexico's First Secretary of State

New Mexico's 1st Secretary of State, Antonio J. Lucero.Antonio J. Lucero - 10/06/1863 - 06/06/1921 - was New Mexico's first Secretary of State, from 1912 when New Mexico became a state, to 1916. Secretary Lucero was born thirty-five miles southwest of Las Vegas, New Mexico, near the Pecos River. His family later moved to Las Vegas, New Mexico, where Antonio earned his education.

Before becoming New Mexico's first Secretary of State, he worked as clerk in a dry goods store from 1884-1888. Antonio later became the editor of a Spanish-language publication called, La Voz del Pueblo. Subsequently, he became a Spanish-language professor at East Las Vegas High School and the New Mexico Normal University (which became Highlands University in 1941).

In 1893, Antonio married Julianita Romero. Seven children were born to the couple: Aurora R.; Antonio Jr.; Delia M.; Julia; Edmundo N.; Elenor; and Arturo Francis Paul. Antonio's daughter Aurora became a well-known author.

A leader in the Democratic Party, Antonio was elected to the New Mexico House of Representatives in 1903. In 1912 he was elected New Mexico Secretary of State; and in 1916 he was re-elected to a second term.

Upon completion of his second term, Antonio returned to his hometown of Las Vegas, New Mexico, returned to teaching, and became President of La Voz del Pueblo. Antonio also served as the first prohibition director in New Mexico. In 1920, he ran an unsuccessful campaign for United States Congress. On June 6, 1921, Antonio passed away at his home.

*Special thanks to New Mexico State Historian Dr. Estevan Rael-Galvez for assisting our office with this important historical information.

NEW MEXICO'S PAST SECRETARIES OF STATE

(1912-Present)

The following historical chronology of New Mexico's Secretaries of State was researched and compiled by Dan D. Chávez, Ph.D., UNM Professor Emeritus. 

ONE FOUR-YEAR TERM         

TERM
YEARS
SECRETARY PARTY
5 years
1912-1916
Antonio J. Lucero
Democrat

TWO CONSECUTIVE TWO-YEAR TERMS

TERM
YEARS
SECRETARY PARTY
2 years
1917-1918
Antonio J. Lucero
Democrat
2 years
1919-1920
Manuel Martinez
Republican
2 years
1921-1922
Manuel Martinez
Republican
2 years
1923-1924
Soledad C. Chacón
Democrat
2 years
1925-1926
Soledad C. Chacón
Democrat
2 years
1927-1928
Jennie Fortune  
Democrat
2 years
1929-1930
E. A. Perrault    
Republican
2 years
1931-1932
Marguerite P. Baca
Democrat
2 years
1933-1934
Marguerite P. Baca
Democrat
2 years
1935-1936
Elizabeth F. Gonzales
Democrat
2 years
1937-1938
Elizabeth F. Gonzales
Democrat
2 years
1939-1940
Jessie M. Gonzales
Democrat
2 years
1941-1942
Jessie M. Gonzales
Democrat
2 years
1943-1944
Cecilia T. Cleveland
Democrat
2 years
1945-1946
Cecilia T. Cleveland
Democrat
2 years
1947-1948
Alicia Valdez Romero
Democrat
2 years
1949-1950
Alicia Valdez Romero
Democrat
2 years
1951-1952
Beatrice Roach Gottlieb
Democrat
2 years
1953-1954
Beatrice Roach Gottlieb
Democrat
2 years
1955-1956
Natalie Smith Buck
Democrat
2 years
1957-1958
Natalie Smith Buck
Democrat
2 years
1959-1960
Betty Fiorina
Democrat
2 years
1961-1962
Betty Fiorina
Democrat
2 years
1963-1964
Alberta Miller
Democrat
2 years
1965-1966
Alberta Miller
Democrat
2 years
1967-1968
Ernestine Durán Evans
Democrat
2 years
1969-1970
Ernestine Durán Evans
Democrat

 

ONE FOUR-YEAR TERM

TERM
YEARS
SECRETARY PARTY
4 years
1971-1974
Betty Fiorina   
Democrat
4 years
1975-1978
Ernestine Durán Evans
Democrat
4 years
1979-1982
Shirley Hooper  
Democrat
4 years
1983-1986
Clara Padilla Jones
Democrat
4 years
1987-1990
Rebecca Vigil-Girón
Democrat
4 years
2007-2010
Mary Herrera 
Democrat
4 years
2011-2014
Dianna J. Duran 
Republican

 

TWO CONSECUTIVE FOUR-YEAR TERMS

TERM
YEARS
SECRETARY PARTY
4 years
1991-1994
Stephanie Gonzales 
Democrat
4 years
1995-1998
Stephanie Gonzales 
Democrat
4 years
1999-2002
Rebecca Vigil-Girón
Democrat
4 years
2003-2006
Rebecca Vigil-Girón
Democrat

NOTES

1. Since the first state election was held in 1911 (an odd-numbered year), the first Secretary of State (and the other state executive officers) served a five-year term.
2. Projected end-of-term date.